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Volume -5 Issue - 9
Month [Year] -- September [2014]
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   No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Climate change is a change atmospheric circulation or meteorological change in climate that persists over a long period of time (30 Year). Climate change refers to change in global surface temperature, change in pattern and intensity of rainfall and change in the extreme weather events. Climate change is the results of both natural as well as human causes like change in sun outputs, volcanic activities, and emission of green house gases by various human activities. It has become main global challenge and represents a unique security threat for us. Climate change is a change in climate cycle due to rise in mean global temperature caused by increasing amount of green house gases like carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon mono oxide, colorofloro carbon and methane in the atmosphere.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

ABSTRACT This paper discusses the emergence of financial structures and the three alternative ways in which the role of the financial structure helps in economic development. The three alternative views are: first, the primitive view by John G. Gurley and E. S. Shaw. Second, the functional approach by Ross Levine. The last one is the historical perspective by Alexander Gerschenkron. The three views are followed by the conclusion.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Basel III (or the Third Basel Accord) is a global, voluntary regulatory standard on bank capital adequacy, stress testing and market liquidity risk. It was agreed upon by the members of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in 2010–11, and was scheduled to be introduced from 2013 until 2015; however, changes from 1 April 2013 extended implementation until 31 March 2018 and again extended to 31 March 2019. The third installment of the Basel Accords (see Basel I, Basel II) was developed in response to the deficiencies in financial regulation revealed by the late-2000s financial crisis. Basel III was supposed to strengthen bank capital requirements by increasing bank liquidity and decreasing bank leverage.

   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

ABSTRACT किशोरावस्था में इन मूल्यों में तिव्रता से विकास होता है। यदि मूल्यों का विकास सही ढंग से होता है तो किशोर में सुसमायोजन के साथ मूल्यों का भी सार्थक विकास होता है। सुसमायोजित एवं कुसमायोजित किषोर विद्यार्थियों के व्यक्तिगत मूल्यों के तुलनात्मक अध्ययन के प्रमुख उद्देष्य को ध्यान में रखकर षोधक ने 800 किषोर विद्यार्थियों के न्यादर्ष पर सर्वेक्षण विधि से अध्ययन करने का प्रयास किया है। दत्तों के विष्लेशण एवं परिकल्पनाओं के निश्कर्श में पाया कि सुमसायोजित एवं कुसमायोजित किषोर विद्यार्थियों व्यक्तिगत मूल्यों में सार्थक अन्तर पाया जाता है। मूल्यों का अध्ययन समाज के सर्वांगींण विकास में योगदान अवष्य देता है।

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Companies Act 2013 was published in the Official Gazette on 30 August 2013 after receiving assent from the President of India on 29 August 2013. The new act has replaced the Companies act 1956 which has regulated the Indian corporate world for more than five decades.

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Abstract

Abstract: - The focus of the study entitled “Milk Marketing Practices in Indian Dairy Industry: A Review” is to study the key aspects of marketing practices adopted by the Indian dairy industry. Indian ranks number one in world in case of milk production but Indian dairy sector is still dominated by the unorganised sector. Beside this organised sector is maintaining its regular supply and fulfilling the demand of consumers in a better way. The organized sector is still using the Anand pattern and leading the Indian dairy industry towards the better quality of milk production.

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Abstract

ग्यारहवीं शताब्दी में परमार वंश में एक ऐसे मनीषी का प्रादुर्भाव हुआ, जिसने संस्कृत के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों को अपनी रचनाओं से उपकृत किया। वे मनीषी हैं सरस्वतीमाता के वरदपुत्र महाराज भोजदेव। उनकी सर्वतोन्मुखी प्रतिभा को देखकर कोई भी विद्वान्‌ आश्चर्यचकित हुए बिना नहीं रह सकता क्योंकि भोजदेव की रचनायें विश्व में न केवल संख्या की दृष्टि से अपितु विषय की विविधता से भी अपूर्व हैं। भोज ने काव्यशास्त्र, व्याकरणशास्त्र, दर्शनशास्त्र, वास्तुशास्त्र, युद्धकौशल, आयुर्वेद आदि सभी शास्त्रों से सम्बन्धित ग्रन्थों की रचना की।

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Abstract

Definition of Crime A violation of societal rules of behavior as interpreted and expressed by criminal legal code created by people holding social and political power.Individuals who violate these rule are subject to sanctions by state authority, and loss of status.

   No of Download : 47    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Arbitration a useful compliment to the judicial process offers an alternative forum to the time consuming and expensive court proceedings and ensures practical, inexpensive, flexible and speedy resolution of disputes with the consensus of the parties. It is universal that our present judicial system is extremely expensive and delaying. The parties to dispute have to wait for justice for years. This shall naturally reduce the faith in judicial system. These weaknesses of judicial system have given birth to alternative remedies for the disposition of disputes. When alternative remedies provided fast justice, their following increased day by day.

   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

संघ व्यवस्था में, केन्द्र तथा राज्यों की सरकारों में संविधान के अन्र्तगत शक्तियों का बंटवारा आवश्यक है। किन्तु शक्ति के बटंवारे के साथ वित्तीय साधनों का बटट्टवारा भी अत्यन्त आवश्यक है, क्योंकि बिना पर्याप्त वित्तीय साधनों के विभिन्न शक्तियों का कोई अर्थ नहीं होगा। अतः साधारणतया प्रत्येक संघ व्यवस्था में केन्द्र तथा राज्यों की सरकारों का अपने वित्तीय साधनों पर स्वतन्त्रा और पृथक् नियन्त्राण होता है जिससे वे अपने क्षेत्राधिकारों के अन्र्तगत विभिन्न कार्यो को स्वतन्त्रातापूर्वक कर सकें। डाॅ0 महादेव प्रसाद शर्मा के शब्दों में संघीय वित्त व्यवस्था की आदर्श प्रणाली वह होगी जिसमें स्पष्ट रूप से राजस्व स्रोतों का विभाजन संघ तथा राज्यों के मध्य में किया गया है जिससे दोनों पक्षों में से प्रत्येक को एक-दूसरे से स्वतन्त्रा बनाया जा सके तथापि कुछ ही संघीय देश इसको प्राप्त कर सके हैं।

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Abstract

Antibiotics are one of our most important weapons in fighting bacterial infections and have greatly benefited the health-related quality of human life since their introduction. However, over the past few decades, these health benefits are under threat as many commonly used antibiotics have become less and less effective against certain illnesses not, only because many of them produce toxic reactions, but also due to emergence of drug-resistant bacteria. It is essential to investigate newer drugs with lesser resistance. Drugs derived from natural sources play a significant role in the prevention and treatment of human diseases. In many developing countries, traditional medicine is one of the primary healthcare systems. Herbs are widely exploited in the traditional medicine and their curative potentials are well documented. About 61% of new drugs developed between 1981 and 2002 were based on natural products and they have been very successful, especially in the areas of infectious disease and cancer. Recent trends, however, show that the discovery rate of active novel chemical entities is declining. Natural products of higher plants may give a new source of antimicrobial agents with possibly novel mechanisms of action. The effects of plant extracts on bacteria have been studied by a very large number of researchers in different parts of the world. Much work has been done on ethnomedicinal plants in India.

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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‘नैतिकता’ शब्द की उत्पत्ति मूलरूप से शब्द ‘नीति’ से हुई है। ‘नीति’ का अर्थ ‘शाश्वत-आचरण’ के सिद्धान्त से है। इस्लाम धर्म अपने विशद स्वरूप में इन सिद्धान्तों की घोषणा करता है जो न केवल मानव के इहँलोक तथा परलौकिक जीवन को सुखद एवं शांतिपूर्ण बनाने में मदद करते है अपितु समाज के अस्तित्व के लिए भी आधारभूत आवश्यकता को स्पष्ट करते है। इन सिद्धान्तों के प्रति उदासीनता का अर्थ अशांत जीवन एवं असुरक्षित विश्व है। दुनिया के तमाम अन्य धर्मो के जैसे ही एक परमशक्ति, सर्वव्यापी-निराकार ब्रहमा अर्थात अल्लाह ही इन सिद्धान्तों का प्रतिपादक है।

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The state of Punjab is called the "Granary of India" or "India's breadbasket ashaving the most fertile and ideal land for agriculture activities like for the crown of wheat, rice, sugar cane, fruits and vegetables. The state of Punjab is putting great contribution in the development of the country as well as to fill the food basket. Here farmers are on a common practice of burning of crop residue and this has become one of the major sourcesof environmental pollution especially air pollution. This practice adversely affects the air quality, leads to nutrient loss, degrade soil properties and cause waste of residue.