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Volume -6 Issue - 9
Month [Year] -- September [2015]
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   No of Download : 27    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Spices are high value and low volume commodities of commerce in the world market. All over the world, the fast growing food industry depends largely on spices as taste and flavour makers. Health conscious consumers in developed countries prefer natural colours and flavours of plant origin to cheap synthetic ones. Thus, spices are the basic building blocks of flavour in food applications. The estimated growth rate for spices demand in the world is around 3.19 percent just above the population growth rate. The objectives of this paper are to: examine the production and trade performance of spices grown in India; and estimate the instability of spices production and export of India. The time series data for area, production and export of spices were obtained for the period from 1990-91 to 2011-12. All the indicators noticed positive growth during the period under review. The sectoral mean growth of Indian spices was 7.08 percent. Among the spices, turmeric, coriander and other spices were recorded positive growth rates in all the selected economic indicators. The instability index of Indian spices sector became stable with the passage of time.

   No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 (hereinafter referred to as the Code) provides the procedure to be adopted in cases of criminal litigations. Section 2(h) of the Code defines investigation as “all the proceedings under this Code for the collection of evidence conducted by a police officer or by any person (other than Magistrate) who is authorized by a Magistrate in this behalf. The definition of investigation is inclusive as same starts with the word includes. The reason for providing an inclusive definition of investigation is clear as the investigation cannot be watertightly compartmentalized.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The word karma is derived from the Sanskrit dhatu 'kri', meaning 'to do'. In its most basic sense karma simply means action, and yoga translates to union. Thus karma yoga literally translates to the path of union through action. Karma yoga is described as a way of acting, thinking and willing by which one orients oneself toward realization by acting in accordance with one's duty (dharma) without consideration of personal self-centered desires, likes or dislikes. One acts without being attached to the fruits of one's deeds.

   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Any democratic society faces the challenge of harmonizing two essentially contradictory political concepts- first, equality before law irrespective of religion, caste, creed, race and gender and second, social justice at the cost of the same commitment for equality before the law. In India, large numbers of people have been experiencing social discrimination and alienation through centuries on account of its peculiar social setting and the institution of the caste system. The discrimination suffered by the oppressed sections of the society over a long period of time has led to the concept of protective discrimination to safeguard their interests. The main reason behind protective discrimination is to provide the necessary facilities to the deprived sections and to bring them to the mainstream society on equal footings with others. Equality before law is the most precious democratic right of an Indian citizen but by merely ensuring equality of opportunity to all in respect of educational and employment opportunity, we may be ignoring the special problems of some backward sections of our society who have been suffered from social, political, economic, educational deprivation for hundreds of years.

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Uttarakhand is a hill state with maximum of its people living in the hilly region with very minimal sources for their livelihood. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) is a landmark legislation aimed at strengthening livelihood security for the rural poor by guaranteeing 100 days of wage employment in a financial year, to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Implementation of MNREGA has really helped the needy population of the hilly regions of Uttarakhand to sustain their life with minimal possible facilities. It focuses on the contribution of MNREGA in providing employment in different sections of the society including women which is essential to ensure livelihood security among the rural poor population. This study deals with the impact of MNREGA in the state of Uttarakhand.

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Today, Tourism is one of the key sectors generating revenue and employment .India being rich in heritage, culture and scenic beauties, makes it one of the most preferred tourist destination. But, this also brings in forth, the concern for conserving and protecting our major sites. Hence, drawing our attention towards eco-tourism. This article studies the concept of eco-tourism and its various aspects. The data collection method used was secondary data from e- journals, books and websites. The results show that there is a continuous increase in the inflow of tourists in India in recent years, which demands continuous and rigorous efforts on the part of Tourism Ministry state government, host community and tourists to support and promote Eco-tourism.

   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The history of the term democracy is as old as the Greek tradition. But, the notion of a pure and perfect democracy has always remained contested. The term ‘democracy’ has no specific contours or a particular definition. It has been contested by numerous theories using different coloured lenses, for instance, the liberal, Marxist and social democratic theories (MacPherson 1966; and Held 1996). These versions of democratic theory are not only varied in their understanding, functioning and normative justification of democracy but also in their approach towards how democracy should be promoted (Kurki 2010). Scholars and practitioners of ‘democracy promotion’ often define it in broad terms including “…any efforts of international actors to encourage or facilitate the growth and consolidation of democratic institutions” (Hawkins 2008: 375; Carothers 1999). This definition is vague because ‘democracy’ itself is an essentially contested concept and the use of the term in ‘democracy’ promotion has hampered the effective prioritization of the activities to be taken under it.

   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The year 2009 marked fifty years since Nagaur in Rajasthan saw the foundations of Panchayati Raj institutions being laid in India. Fifty long years, in which this institution has grown from strength to strength, bringing a large community of hitherto left-out people into the folds of governance. Fifty long years in which the common Indian from the remotest corner of the country has proved that he knows what is best for himself, his family and society, and that given a little support, he can think, decide and act for the collective good of his community. Fifty long years that have helped us rediscover the collective strength of the people at the grassroots after we almost lost it under the torturous period of subjugation by the British. Observing the year 2009-10 as the Year of the Gramsabha was a reconfirmation of this strength of the people.

   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

आज की स्थिति में नारी की सहज भूमिका अनिवार्य रूप से प्रत्येक दृष्टि से आवष्यक हो गई है। उस का समग्र जीवन स्नेह, दुलार, करूणा जैसी दिव्य तŸवों का मूर्तिमान समन्वय है। अतः यह स्पष्ट होता है कि नया सवेरा नारी की राह देख रहा है। जिस पर उसे स्वयं पूर्ण आत्मविष्वास के साथ कदम रखना है और देष, समाज औा संसार के निमार्ण तथा उत्थान में पुरूष के समान एक महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभानी है।

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Initial Vs. boundary value problems An example of an Initial value problem is given by the second order ODE with initial conditions y(0) = 0 and y′(0) = 1 The difference between Initial and Boundary value problem is that rather than initial conditions being imposed at the same point in the independent variable (in this case, t), boundary conditions are imposed at different values of the Independent variable.

   No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The Mughal Empire or Mogul Empire, self-designated as Gurkani (meaning "son-in-law") was an empire based in the Indian Subcontinent, established and ruled by a MuslimPersianatedynasty of Chagatai Turco-Mongol origin that extended over large parts of the Indian subcontinent and Afghanistan.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

The establishment of heavy industries, construction of dams and launching of development plans in tribal zones has necessitated displacement of local population. Thousands of tribal families were displaced from their traditional habitats Contact situations with outsiders have been equally detrimental. Destruction of forests as a consequence of felling of trees for industrial purposes has threatened the small communities of hunters and food-gathers. Those who could take advantage of new economic and educational frontiers were able to better their lot, while a large sections of the tribals, not adequately prepared to deal with new challenges, gradually depressed into poorer sections of the society. Against economic and social disparities, they have raised a collective voice.

   No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Reliability is the extent to which a measurement procedure yields the same results on repeated trials. Without reliable measures, scientists cannot build or test theory, and therefore cannot develop productive and efficient procedures for improving the quality of life. Reliability analysis for any distributed computing system is the current necessity and most important area of research. There are number of ways to improve the reliability of the distributed computing system. Optimizing the reliability through task allocation is one of the problems in this category.

   No of Download : 65    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

परिवर्तन प्रकृति का नियम है और मानव समाज भी प्रकृति का एक अंग है। अतः मानव समाज भी परिवर्तनशील है। यही कारण है कि मानव समाज वर्तमान में वैसा नहीं है जैसा हजारों वर्ष पूर्व था। मानव असभ्य से सभ्य, अविकसित से विकसित तथा गाँव से नगर की ओर गतिशील है। वर्तमान काल आधुनिकीकरण का है, जिसका नगरीकरण एक अभिन्न अंग है। यद्यपि जिस गति से नगरीकरण हो रहा है, उस गति से नगरीयता का विकास नहीं हो पा रहा है। प्रस्तुत लेख में जीवन शैली के रूप में नगरीयता का विश्लेषण करने का प्रयास किया गया है। नगरीय समाजशास्त्र की मूलभूत अवधारणाओं में नगरीयता एक महत्वपूर्ण अवधारणा है। लेकिन नगरीयता की अवधारणा के सम्बन्ध में समाजशास्त्रियों के बीच मतभेद पाया जाता है। इसलिये सभी विद्वानों ने इसे अपने-अपने ढंग से स्पष्ट करने का प्रयत्न किया है। अतः सर्वप्रथम विभिन्न विद्वानों द्वारा दी गयी नगरीयता की परिभाषाओं का विश्लेषण करना आवश्यक प्रतीत होता है।

   No of Download : 19    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Today in this modern era, business stands on three main pillars- People, Planet and profit. These are gaining more attention day by day and green are becoming the new mantra of success in any business. Growing awareness about the environmental issues has led the costumers to look for environment friendly products and companies are also doing their best by adopting Green Production Process. Green marketing is typically practiced by companies that are committed to sustainable development and corporate social responsibility as they recognize that in doing so they can make their products more attractive to consumers and also reduce expenses.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

राजा राम मोहन राय भारत के पुनर्जागरण के अग्रदूत के रूप में, यूँ ही नहीं जाने जाते हैंए क्योंकि उन्होंने जीवन भर देश के सामाजिक, धार्मिक, बौद्धिक व् राजनीतिक उत्थान के लिए कठिन परिश्रम किया । उनमें बौद्धिक व् वैचारिक क्षमता बहुत अधिक थी