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Volume -6 Issue - 6
Month [Year] -- June [2015]
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   No of Download : 23    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

प्रकृति ने मानव को इस सृष्टि में समस्त जीवों की तुलना में अनोखे उपहार से सजा-संवार कर भेजा है जहाँ प्रत्येक व्यक्ति में व्यक्तिगत विभिन्नतायें दृष्टिगोचर होती हैं, इन विभिन्नताओं के कारण हमारी अभिरूचियाँ भी भिन्न होती हैं और अभिरूचियों के आधार पर हमारे उद्देश्य या लक्ष्य भी भिन्न होते हैं। किसी भी निर्मित लक्ष्य या उद्देश्य की प्राप्ति हेतु अभिरूचि अत्यंत महत्वपूर्ण कारक है, अतः समस्त ंिशक्षक शिक्षकाओं का दायित्व है कि संबंधित विषयांे को वे रूचिकर बनायें ताकि विद्यार्थी अपने निर्धारित लक्ष्य की प्राप्ति कर सकें।

   No of Download : 35    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Wellness and beauty industry is going to expand in India and the increased demand will come not only from the domestic market but international market as well. Western Europe, Russia, USA, Kazakhstan, UAE, Nepal, Ukraine, Japan, Philippines, Kenya,etc are big markets for Indian herbal products.With rising income levels across the globe there is increased focus on a healthy living.As per a report published in March 2015 edition of Entrepreneurindia magazine, the share of the wellness industry in India is still less than two per cent in comparison to its performance in the world market.The same report also predicts the industry to grow by 20- 30 per cent year-on-year. Therefore there is ample opportunity for businesses in this line.For India,the AYUSH segment,which is a significant component of this industry, is an area which can be built upon. The new government has realized this and within just a year of its functioning it has taken many steps to promote the industry. The Beauty and Wellness Sector Skill Council was started by the government in June 2014.The Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy under the Ministry of Health was made a full-fledged ministry of AYUSH in the same year. The Make In India campaign has given a special focus to this sector and the draft National Health Policy 2015 also proposes for greater integration of AYUSH with modern system of medicine.The present paper focuses on beauty and wellness industry in India, its drivers and challenges with special focus on the AYUSH segment.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Due to the variations in climatic conditions, geographical settings, agro-ecological zones, socio economic and cultural setups even at micro level, it is very essential to knowspatial and temporal variation in population density at micro level for optimum and sustainable development. The study region has three distinctivegeomorphologic landform i. e., alluvial plain, aeolian plain and flood plain of Ghaggar river. Therefore, in the present study an attempt has been made to map and analyse the spatial and temporal variation in population density at block level in Sirsa district of Haryana for the census years 2001 and 2011.Data was processed in excel software and put into GIS environment for generating choropleth maps of the study area. This study reveals that during the last decade the study area has added 66 more persons per Sq. Km. The population density of Sirsa district was 196 and 233 persons per Sq. Km for the census years 2001 and 2011 respectively. The decadal growth of population density in terms of percentage ranges from 14 % to 23%. It was highest (23%) in Odhan block and lowest (14%) in Bara Gurha block. This study also reveals that densely populated blocks fall in the Ghaggar flood plain whereas sparsely inhabited blocks fall into agriculturally less developed areas i. e. ,older alluvial plain and aeolian plain. The results of this research may be useful for geographers, researchers, regional planners, administrator, engineers, and agriculture scientist.

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Menstruation signifies good health of a mother if it occurs regularly and without excessive pain, fatigue, or blood loss. Most women carry on their usual activities during menstruation. Although strong emotions and violent shock hit female sexual gland that in turn either stops or starts menstruation suddenly or sometimes cause permanent impotency, its irregularity sometimes depends upon low-fitness, physical inactivity and unhealthy lifestyle.

   No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Looking at the growth of poverty and unemployment in developing countries, promotion of micro entrepreneurship and microenterprises is gaining importance in the present context as an important poverty alleviation tool. More than a concept ‘Sustainable micro entrepreneurship’ is a development process, based on small scale and self sustainable activities. One of the major problems identified with the development of sustainable micro entrepreneurship is lack of access to credit for the micro entrepreneurs. According to an estimate more than 90 percent people in developing countries lack access to financial services i.e. either savings or credit. Specially, for the micro entrepreneur who lacks any asset base for collateral, situation becomes all the more critical

   No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

International business has a very long history , and laws have evolved so that transactions can take place legitimately between a supplier in one jurisdiction and a purchaser in another. However, commercial trade works through a structure of regulation and control. This is in sharp contrast with internet’s original ethos of freedom and anonymity. Interesting layers of legal uncertainties arising from internet trading are increasingly being defined and resolved.

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine essar oil company's capital structure. The importance of a company's capital structure nowadays has become the subject of heated. It estimates the company's cost of equity and debt as at the latest balance sheet date and contains a description of how the company's capital structure has changed over the four year's data by using the dividend growth model. The analysis and valuation will be supported by graphs, tables and some numerical calculations which showing the financial growth, trends and ratios of essar oil company over three year's period. researcher wants to analyse capital structure of the company.

   No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Since ages Marketers have tried to reach consumers, let it be through Folk Media like Folk songs, Folk Dances Magic show s, puppet shows etc or today by the help of Modern technologies like internet, mobile, mobile apps etc. Marketers have always tried to utilise the available resources optimally, to reach the end consumers. We all know “Time changes, Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future.

   No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

या प्रीतिरविवेकानां विषयेष्वनपायिनी। त्वामनुस्मरत: सा मे हृदयान्मापसर्पतु॥१विष्णु पुराण अर्थातहेप्रभो,जोतीव्रआसक्तिअज्ञानियोंकोऐहिकपदार्थोंकेप्रतिहोतीहै,वहीमेरेहृदयमें आपका स्मरण करते समय आपके प्रति निरंतर बनी हो।यहाँ भक्त प्रहलाद आसक्ति-निरपेक्ष और ज्ञान-सापेक्ष होकर प्रभु-चिंतन में लीन होने का आशीर्वाद प्रभु से माँग रहें हैं।साधक को अपने साध्य का चिंतन-मनन ही अभीष्ट होता है।अपने साध्य के चिंतन-मनन में ही साधक को अनंत प्रतीति होती है।इसी निमित्त भक्त प्रहलाद ने अपनी प्रार्थना की है।वास्तव में व्यक्ति का चिंतन-मनन उसके वैयक्तिक और सामाजिक सरोकारों का परिचय देता है,जिनसे समाज में सुखद व्यवस्था स्थापित करने का मार्ग खुल जाता है।निराला की काव्य-कला में शक्ति संबंधी कविताएँ मिलती हैं ।इन कविताओं में विचार-तत्त्व का बोध हम प्रस्तुत आलेख में प्राप्त करेंगे।शक्ति से क्या आशय है?शक्ति संबंधी कविताओं में क्या कवि ने वैयक्तिक दृष्टिकोण के साथ-साथ सामाजिक दृष्टिकोण भी स्पष्ट किया है?इन्हीं विचारों को हम इस आलेख में पढ़ेगें।

   No of Download : 138    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

बीसवीं शताब्दी के आठवें दशक में दलित साहित्य के प्रमुख हस्ताक्षरों में मोहनदास नैमिशराय, ओमप्रकाश वाल्मीकि, डॅा.सूरजपाल चौहान, श्योराज सिंह बेचैन, शरण कुमार लिंबाले,आशा आपराद, डॅा.कुसुम मेघवार, सुशीला टाकभौरे आदि प्रमुख हैं, जिन्होंने दलित चिंतन को वैचारिक आंदोलन के साथ-साथ अपने कार्यों से व्यवहारिक रूप से स्थापित किया| दलित साहित्य के अंतर्गत सबसे अधिक चर्चा का विषय दलित आत्मकथाएँ रही हैं जिनमें अपने-अपने पिंजरे (मोहनदास नैमिशराय), जठून (ओमप्रकाश वाल्मीकि), तिरस्कृत (डॅा.सूरजपाल चौहान), मेरा बचपन मेरे कंधों पर (श्योराज सिंह बेचैन), मुर्दहिया (प्रो.तुलसीदास), दौहरा अभिशाप (कौशल्या वैसंत्री), दर्द जो सहा मैंने (आशा आपराद), शिकंजे का दर्द (सुशीला टाकभौरे) प्रमुख हैं|

   No of Download : 47    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Economic pull and push factors are attracting people from India to Gulf countries. 6 million migrants are playing greater role in economic development. Indian migrants compensated shortage in labor markets in Gulf when there was huge demand. This region has been the main source of remittances which led to swelling of India’s foreign reserves. India is the highest in receiving remittances. But, there are some issues and problems in migration which posed challenge to government such as exploitation of employers, delay in paying salaries, withholding of the passports, and inadequate of living and working conditions. The main challenges are illegal migration and implementation of indigenization policies including labor reforms in the Gulf to decrease unemployment.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Education is the basic need of the day. It is one of the important human activities. It was born with the birth of the human race and shall continue to function as long as human race lives. Education brings in to focus the social aspect of man. 1 Education is the part and parcel of every human life. A welfare society needs education. It is the education which promotes one’s intelligence, enables him to be industrious and ensure his progress.

   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

भारतीय चिन्तन परम्परा व्यक्ति, समुदाय एवं राज्य तीनों के सर्वांगीण विकास को आधार प्रदान करने के साथ-साथ तीनों के ही मर्यादित भौतिक अभ्युदय का भी सार्वकालिक एवं सार्वभौमिक दर्शन प्रदान करती है। पुरुषार्थ चतुष्टय में धर्म के उपरान्त अर्थ की स्थिति सर्वतोमुखी भौतिक विकास के आयाम अर्जित कराने वाले साधन की महत्ता को प्रतिपादित करती है। अर्थ ही वह जीवन लक्ष्य या पुरुषार्थ है जिसके द्वारा धर्म-अर्थ-काम एवं त्रिवर्ग की साधना सुगम हो जाती है। भारतीय आर्थिक विचारों का इतिहास सहस्राब्दियों वर्ष पुराना होने पर भी हमारे वर्तमान को प्रशिक्षित करने में सक्षम एवं समर्थ है। ऋषिचिन्तन की कालजयी परम्परा में अध्यात्म की महत्तम प्रतिष्ठा होने पर भी जीवन-जगत की व्यापार साधना सरणि की कदापि उपेक्षा नहीं की गयी है।

   No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Yoga is an ancient physical and spiritual discipline and branch of philosophy that originated in India reportedly more than 5000 years ago. The word ‘Yoga’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘yuj’, which means to yoke, join, or unite. The Iyengar School of Yoga defines ‘yuj’ as the “joining or integrating of all aspects of the individual – body with mind and mind with soul – to achieve a happy, balanced and useful life.”.

   No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Possession of knowledge on rights of child on the part of teacher is of utmost need to achieve the goals of education system. It is beyond doubt that teachers unaware of knowledge on different rights of child cannot treat child properly. The main purpose of this paper is to find out the level of awareness of teachers towards rights of child and how it is related in terms of streams of teachers and gender. It is found that 90% of male teachers and 80% of female teachers opined against child labour and rest supported child labour practices. The study revealed that Arts teachers were more aware about rights of child than Science teachers. It is suggested that simple, meaningful awareness programmes on rights of child should be organized to aware teachers, community members and students themselves.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Corporations have traditionally been conceived as self-centered, profit maximizing entities constituting the central tenets of capitalism and free market philosophies . However, recent and monumental corporate scandals and failures have redirected attention to issues of good governance, ethics, trust and accountability heightening the debate on topics of Corporate Governance and the ethics of economic conduct.

   No of Download : 56    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Ted Hughes has a very high conception of poetry and believes that the true poetry can replace religion by incorporating its function of uniting man with his lost self. Ted Hughes brings out the inconsistencies of Christianity and refutes the claim that the Christian God can be the only principle at work. He believes that there must be an opposite force outside God. However, at the same time he believes that the devil too cannot be the only force governing the whole universe. He implies that there must be something else, some grey force as well which is also at work in the universe. It is this grey zone—this unaccomodated universe—which has been explored by Ted Hughes in his poetry.

   No of Download : 9    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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This paper is an attempt to examine the nature of grammar teaching in the communicative classroom where communicative approach is used. In the context of the heavy investment by the government and private sectors in terms of research, teacher training and the provision of infrastructure that the communicative approach has enjoyed in the Indian context in recent years, the results especially from learners' perspective formed the basis for this study. It is well-known that teacher perceptions of the communicative approach and actual practice may be two different aspects. This is already been established by many research studies in the international context. However, since CLT has been recommended in schools across India, and the CBSE has introduced the approach to the central schools all over India, an examination of the context in India was considered worthwhile.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Make in India' campaign was aimed at changing the mindset of the people to tap their entrepreneurial potential, Commerce and Industry. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Make in India prorgram on 25 September 2014 in a function at the Vigyan Bhawan. The Prime Minister said that India is the only country in the world which offers the unique combination of democracy, demography, and demand. He said the new Government was taking initiatives for skill development to ensure that skilled manpower was available for manufacturing. He also referred to the Digital India mission, saying this would ensure that Government processes remained in tune with corporate processes.

   No of Download : 31    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

People make decisions about many things. They make political decisions; personal decisions, including medical choices, romantic decisions, and career decisions; and financial decisions, which may also include some of the other kinds of decisions and judgments. Quite often, the decision making process is fairly specific to the decision being made. Some choices are simple and seem straight forward, while others are complex and require a multi-step approach to making the decisions. The recent years have witnessed rapid changes in information technology, the new world economic order, the coming of the new regional power and many others. All these changes have presented on the one hand a very dynamic world of increased population, inflation, social consumption, and on the other hand limited scarce resources. In such a complex and fast changing business environment, managers are faced with a multitude of decisions every day. They have to make decisions even if they are not willing to do so. Pearce II & Robinson (1989) indicated that decision-making is inevitable, because to explicitly avoid making a decision is in itself to make a decision. Toffler (1980) in his book entitled The Third Wave indicated that to make too many decisions, too fast, about too many strange unfamiliar problems introduce a new element into management, forcing executives already nervous in unpredictable environment to make more and more decisions and at a faster and faster pace. Among manager's different decisions strategic decisions are very important and play very vital roles in any organization.

   No of Download : 36    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

संस्कृत साहित्य में कुबेर को एक अर्ध-देव के रूप में जाना जाता है । यक्षों के अधिराज कुबेर का सबसे पहले वेद, पुराण और महाकाव्यों में वर्णन पाया जाता है । जिस प्रकार मूल इन्द्र ने देव जनजाति को अपनी सहचर असुर जनजाति के पंजे से छुड़ाकर उसे संस्कृति की पहली सीढ़ी पर पहँुचाया था, उसी प्रकार कुबेर ने यक्ष जनजाति को व्यापार बढ़ाकर, स्वर्ण की खोज कर, सभ्यता और समृद्धि की चोटी पर पहँुचाया । वह उत्तरदिशा का रक्ष् रक्षक है । संस्कृत साहित्य के प्रारम्भ में कुबेर को केवल नम्रता से युक्त दर्शाया गया है किन्तु बाद के साहित्य में उसमें ईश्वरत्व का प्रतिपादन कर दिया गया ।

   No of Download : 10    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Linear programming has proven to be an extremely powerful tool, both in modeling real-world problems and as a widely applicable mathematical theory. The study of such problems involves a diverse blend of linear algebra, multivariate calculus, numerical analysis, and computing techniques. Linear programming deals with a class of optimization problems, where both the objective function to be optimized and all the constraints, are linear in terms of the decision variables. In this paper, we discuss the developments in the field of linear programming. Also recently developed pivot rules for linear programming are discussed in this paper. Various applications of linear programming are also discussed in this paper. Finally, we mention some suggestions for future research.

   No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
Abstract

Blood is taken as a viscoelastic fluid. The dependence of fluid viscoelasticity on the kinematics of the fluid, has been investigated for a second-grade viscoelastic fluid. Analytical solution of the problem is made taking into consideration the second grade fluid model. The study reveals that the flow velocity increases with the increase in viscoelastic coefficient.

   No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This       Full Article
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Microfinance is the provision of fmancial services to those excluded from the formal financial system. It is a process which includes fmancial intermediation such as supplying credit, savings and insurance products with a goal towards social intermediation such as reducing poverty and enabling empowerment. Among the real and potential clients of microfinance, women are seen as the most appropriate targeted beneficiaries, since it is argued that in contrast to men, the entire household benefits when the loans are given to women.