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Volume -5 Issue - 1
Month [Year] -- January [2014]
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No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

दुनिया भर में सैद्धान्तिक तौर पर किसी विचारक के महत्व को इस बात से जांचा जाता है कि उस विचारक के विचार अपने समय और हमारे समय में कितने उपयोगी रहे हैं। मार्क्स गांधी या अम्बेडकर की महत्ता महानता को भी इसी संदर्भ में देखा जाना चाहिए। आजकलनायकों पर कब्जे की रणनीति चल रही है।

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No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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“Automatic Imitation” is a species of Stimulus Response Compatibility effect in which the speed and/ or accuracy of behavioral performance is modulated by relationship between topographic features of task- irrelevant stimuli and participant’s responses (Heyes, 2011). Stimulus Response Compatibility protocols have been used for many years to investigate action representation and control. (Simon, 1969; Stroop, 1935). It is a new behavioral phenomenon, comparable with the Stroop and Simon effects, providing strong evidence that even adult humans are prone, in an unwilled and unreasoned way, to copy the action of others. The scientific study on imitation began in late nineteenth century; it has been interpreted in two radically different ways. On one hand, it has been viewed as a sophisticated cognitive process, essential for human development and enculturation (Washburn, 1908). On the other hand, as a blind, brutish and irrational force in human affairs (Darwin, 1871). Automatic imitation captures two substantial, widely held and apparently paradoxical assumptions about the phenomenon that it is relatively independent to the actor’s intentions yet is related in an important way to the deliberate copying of observed body movements. In everyday life and laboratory, when a person is asked to imitate an action, he or she reproduces the topography of the modeled movement by using the same part of the body (Heyes & Ray, 2004).

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No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

What factors explain whether, in response to the global loosening of monetary conditions, domestic and international finance in developing countries also expanded? What factors explain whether the surge in global liquidity and in financial intermediation translated into productive investment in any given developing country? First, we focus on a very specific period, characterized by large, exogenous financial shocks, which suggests that it may be possible to estimate with some confidence any underlying causal relationships. Second, our analysis employs a new measure of the global price of risk.

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The present article ‘Quit India Movement and Media’ mainly focuses on the role played by the media towards the historic Quit India Movement of 1942-44. The newspaper has its own importance and identity in providing informative as well as current news regarding the freedom struggle to the masses. The Newspapers were printed in many languages play a vital and significant role in our life as well as wonderful gift for human being. Being fair, just and accurate is their inherent characteristics which make them a reliable source of information. They write about each and every aspect of the contemporary society, i.e. new laws, political, social, economic problems as well as they also initiate debates, therefore, they played a pivotal role in creating awareness in the society. The information regarding the freedom struggle from all over India was conveyed through the media. The articles regarding American War of Independence 1776, French Revolution 1789, Chinese Revolution 1911, Russian Revolution 1917, the Unification of Italy and Germany, etc. were written in the newspapers which inspired and encouraged our young generation who sacrificed their lives in participating in freedom struggle leaving their job as well as their education.

No of Download : 8    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Agriculture in India holds a pride of place in terms of both income and employment. It is a way of life that penetrates its organisational structure and moulds its value system. In India unequal distribution of property and income forms the basis of agrarian hierarchy. The prevailing value system justifies this existing inequality. Both the privileged and the unprivileged believe that men are born unequal. The respect for higher status runs through every level of the social system. The hierarchical values and un-equal social structures reinforce each other thereby making the change of any status quo very difficult. Indian agriculture comprises multiple social systems each displaying a different process of change. This structure thus provides ample opportunities for research in land systems and reform procedures. Before exploring

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Over the centuries the roles of rivers as part of the city has altered many times from the original use for the irrigating crops in nearby fields, as well as being an essential resource in establishing a permanent settlement. However when the industrial revolution took place in the 19th century the role of the rivers in cities altered and it became a far more valuable resource as it allowed not only for the transportation of goods from town to town but also became the basis for the expansion and improvement of the trading prowess of the city.This allowed areas of the canal and river networks to become polluted through chemical waste and public misuse, which caused difficulties for the animals for which the river and its surrounding wetlands and marshes were their natural habitats.

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No of Download : 20    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

In market economies, the private sector is the predominant source of economic activity. Much of the investment, human capital and knowledge which drive economic growth is sourced in the private sector and private enterprises are the major providers of employment, incomes and essential goods and services. The private sector can also provide expanding opportunities for poor people whether through self-employment in micro enterprises or as employees in small and medium businesses.

No of Download : 2    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Poverty can be termed as the main reason for child labor in India. Though the country has achieved commendable progress in industrialization, the benefits of the same have not been effectively passed on to the lower strata of society. The disparities in income have progressively increased more so after the opening up of the Indian Economy from the late 80s. People who had the resources became richer by employing the poor who were readily available as cheap labor. The average earnings of a poor industrial worker is still about 2 dollars per day even in suburban areas around Mumbai and other metropolitan cities of India. In order to keep costs down even large companies employ unorganized workers through contractors who get uneducated and unskilled and semi-skilled people at very low wages.

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All publicly-traded companies have a set number of shares that are outstanding on the stock market. A stock split is a decision by the company's board of directors to increase the number of shares that are outstanding by issuing more shares to current shareholders. For example, in a 2-for-1 stock split, every shareholder with one stock is given an additional share. So, if a company had 10 million shares outstanding before the split, it will have 20 million shares outstanding after a 2-for-1 split.

No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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The idea of human resource valuation and reporting existed for more than half a century. The concept continues to be debated by economic, accounting, and psychology theoreticians universally. The main thrust of Human Resource Accounting (HRA) is to identify, quantify and report investments made on human resources of an organization that are not presently accounted for under conventional accounting practice. This study assesses the concept of HRA in order to unveil its strengths and weaknesses. The study adopted an expository approach and uses secondary data collected through documented texts, journal articles, and other publications. Descriptive and content analyses were used in collecting and collating the necessary information on HRA. The study revealed that the conceptualization of HRA, the ideas incorporated therein, and supporting arguments are good for the accounting profession and corporate financial reporting. This inference was drawn considering the quantity, quality, and superiority of the arguments in support of its application. It was also revealed that the application of HRA will boost the quality of the information contents of corporate financial reports and provide users with more useful information in making their decisions.

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No of Download : 15    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

On the simplest level, depository is used to refer to any place where something is deposited for storage or security purposes. More specifically, it can refer to a company, bank or an institution that holds and facilitates the exchange of securities. Or a depository can refer to a depository institution that is allowed to accept monetary deposits from customers. Depository institutions come in several different types. Anytime you give your money to someone with the expectation that the person will hold it for you and give it back when you request it, you’re either dealing with a depository institution or acting very foolishly.

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No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Adam Smith was the revolutionary economist. He came with his idea of wealth of nation, when the idea of mercantilist was dominant in the society. The basic idea of the Mercantilism was, “The objective of the political economy is to heap up gold and silver in the country and to multiply those metals over time” People saw national wealth in terms of a country’s stock of gold and silver. Importing goods from abroad was seen as damaging because it meant that this wealth must be given up to pay for them.

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No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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E-Recruitment refers to the process of attracting, screening, selecting, and on boarding a qualified person for a job. At the strategic level it may involve the development of an employer brand which includes an 'employee offering'. Depending on the size and culture of the organization e-Recruitment may be undertaken in-house by managers, human resource generalists and / or e-Recruitment specialists. Alternatively parts of all of the process might be undertaken by either public sector employment agencies, or commercial e-Recruitment agencies, or specialist search consultancies.

No of Download : 11    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Abstract Children whose biological parents are deceased or otherwise unable or unwilling to care for them are orphans. An orphanage is a residential institute devoted towards the care of orphans. Generally biological parents, or sometimes biological grandparents, are legally responsible for supporting children, but in the absence of these or other relatives willing to care for the children, they become orphan and become the responsibility of the state. The main objective of this research is to study the empowerment work which has been already be done and which is going on for the progress of orphan women in India. The study has been started with knowing how these orphan girls come to the orphanage homes and what kind of circumstances bring them to these shelter homes. There are millions of girl child who come into this plight picture and somehow living there lives under orphanages.

No of Download : 13    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Banking sector reforms were introduced to remove the deficiencies in banking sector. The lack of autonomy is reflected in the fact that there is a common wage package for all bank employees irrespective of the health of the bank concerned. Kannan, the Chief Executive Officer of Bank of Baroda, says: "Give us the freedom to fix our own wages and offer market remuneration to professionals. Do not tie us down to a common wage structure. Let each bank decide its appropriate level of wages." The paper makes an effort to first jot down the major reform measures and policies regarding the banking industry by the government of India and the RBI. Secondly, the paper will try to study the major impacts of those reforms upon the banking industry. These reforms have some positive responds on various economic variables like enhancing the role of market forces, huge decline in the rate of interest, reduction of NPAs, up gradation of technology etc.

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No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

भारत में संघात्मक शासन प्रणाली को अपनाया गया है। इसमें केन्द्र एवं राज्य सम्बन्ध महत्वपूर्ण स्थान रखते हैं। प्रथम आम चुनाव से लेकर चतुर्थ आम चुनावों तक केन्द्र एवं राज्यों के मध्य सम्बन्ध सुचारू रूप से चलते रहे क्योंकि 1964 से 1967 तक भारतीय राजनीति पर कांग्रेस दल का एकछत्रा शासन था, जिसके कारण राज्यों मे तनाव होने के बावजूद वे केन्द्र के विरूध आवाज नहीं उठा सकते थे। 1967 से 1971 तक केन्द्र राज्य सम्बन्धों में उतार चढ़ाव आया। 1977 में पहली बार केन्द्र में गैर कांग्रेसी सरकार सत्तारूढ़ हुई और केन्द्र राज्य तनाव खुलकर सामने आने लगे। 1989 से 2009 तक मिली-जुली सरकारों का दौर जारी रहा। जिसने केन्द्र राज्यों के मध्य तनाव को और अधिक प्रखर बना दिया। इसलिए केन्द्र राज्यों के मध्य तनाव के कारणों को जानना बन गया है। वर्तमान संदर्भ में केन्द्र राज्य सम्बन्धों में सुधार की प्रासंगिकता को जानना।

No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

The waves of general type propagating in a fluid and micropolar thermoelastic half spaces are discussed in the context of heat flux dependent micropolar thermoelasticity. It is found that the particals of solid half spaces and fluid vibrate in different plane. It is seen that the paths of the particles of the solid half spaces and the fluid are curves of intersection of the planes and the cylinders. Results are compared with earlier investigations.

No of Download : 38    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Gopinath Mohanty, eminent Oriya novelist of the Mid-twentieth century. He joined the Odisha Administrative Service in 1938. Most of his service career was spent among the poor tribal of the undivided Koraput district. So in his novel Paraja he explores the vibrant life of people of Orissa, rural as well as tribal. And also he explores all aspects of Orissan life: life, both in the plains and in the hills. The Paraja people are exploited by the non tribal. Gopinath has tried his hand at various literary forms; it is for his novels that he will be best remembered. He said in an interview to Indian Literary Review: “Fiction, I realized, would best suit my purpose.” He novel portrays and interprets several dimensions of human existence.

No of Download : 21    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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We have proposed an improved routing algorithm using LEACH so that network lifetime will be improved. The main problem with LEACH protocol lies in the random selection of cluster heads. There exists a probability that the cluster heads formed are unbalanced and may remain in one part of the network making some part of the network unreachable. This problem is resolved by using modified EEP routing protocol. Advances in technology recently have enabled the mass production of small sized battery powered sensor nodes. A wireless sensor network (WSN) consists of hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes [1].

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No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

Yoga alone can faster a balanced muscular system, elasticity of the bones, proper circulation of blood in the body and a proper functioning of the glandular system. Not only this; Yoga can also set right the most important systems in our body namely, our nervous system, the digestive and respiratory systems etc. Moreover, yoga can vitalize such important organs of the body without which life is impossible, such as Brain, heart, Kidney etc. The application of psychological principles to the improvement of performance in the sports has received greater attention in these days . there are certain accepted psychological principles which have to be applied so that the athletes and players are able to show their best in their performance.

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Sultanate litterateurs were very harsh in condemning monarchs who recruited military personnel who were the ‘lowest and basest of the low and base born [siflatarīn wa razālatarīn-i siflagān wa razalagān]; they brought ruin to the realm. But the marginal status of these newly empowered groups in Sultanate society was exactly what made recruits like the Afghans, the Mongols and other frontier groups valuable to their patrons. Like the bandagan these ‘base born’ (bad aslī wa nā kas) were also divorced from their natal contexts, raised to high office in Sultanate society where their political position, wealth and power was completely incongruent to their social status. The disjunctions between their political and social positions only served to underline their dependence on their master’s dispensation of favours.

No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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It has been realized by most economist and policymakers that the sustainability and growth of Indian economy depends on enlistment of rural sector where large proportion of Indian population resides and has been excluded from the benefits of globalization and liberalization of our country. The immense potential of people living in villages and remote parts needs to be tapped for the growth of economy and in return they shall also be reciprocated by raising their standard of living and ensuring them basic amenities at reasonable cost for their welfare and prosperity. It has been envisaged by the reserve bank of India that the step toward financial inclusion would assist a lot in achieving this objective.

No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of physical training table card no.2 on strength endurance ability of school students (boys). To achieve the purpose of the study, it was carried out in govt. sr. sec. school in taoru , mewat (Haryana) .Twenty (40) boys age 14 to19 years were randomly assigned two groups e.g. Experimental group and Control group consists of 20 students. Pre-test and post test with the use strength endurance ability test battery for the assessment of the following variables-1. Chin up 2. Toe touch. 3. 100M sprint run. 4. 2.4 Kms run 5. Bent knee sit ups 6. 5 meters shuttle run. . Experimental group has received an eight week physical training table card programme . Control group did not participate in any of the training programme. After the experimental period is over, the subjects of all the groups were post tested with the strength endurance ability Test Battery. The data were analysed primarily by the descriptive statistics and ‘t’ value was used. The significance was set at 0.05 levels. Physical training tables techniques are used by coaches , physical teachers and trainers in all types of sports to increase strength endurance .Physical training tables consists of 1. warming up and endurance- jogging , running, recovery.2. strength endurance- lateral, dorsal , skipping, jumping, push ups, sprint, sit ups, heaving work, sprint, rope climbing ,lifting and carrying, pulling and pushing and competitive game . 3. Cooling down. The physical table cards are designed to produce mobility, strength, endurance, agility and speed. A duration of 40 minutes is required for the exercises of any table card. The table card has a variety of activities to sustain the interest of the players and for inducing harmonious development.

No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

A new scheme started by Congress Party for collecting votes is National Food Security. Food Security means something more than getting two square meals. This Scheme has three dimensions/ aspects or we can say it is dependent on the pillars of 3 A’s:  Availability of Food: Means food prod. Within the country, food imports and the previous year’s stock stored in govt. granaries.  Accessibility of Food: means food is within reach of every person.  Affordability of food: implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet one dietary need.

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No of Download : 7    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

आर्थिक विकास और औद्योगीकरण का बड़ा घनिष्ठ सम्बन्ध है। अल्पविकसित और विकसित राष्ट्रो की अर्थव्यवस्था में एक प्रमुख अन्तर उनके औद्योगिकरण के स्तर में अन्तर है। विकसित राष्ट्रों के औधोगिक प्रगति के कारण ही आय और रहन सहन के स्तर में तीव्र गति से वृद्धि सम्भव हुई है

No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

In the wake of globalization and the resultant marginalization and alienation of large sections of humanity, sex trafficking has become a matter of urgent concern today worldwide. In India thousands women and children are inducted into the flesh trade every year. The state of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Chhattisgarh are the largest suppliers of women and children for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation. Economic hardships coupled with the prevailing status of women in society, and changing public attitudes towards sex and morality creates the context for the flourishing of this modern-day form of slavery.

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No of Download : 30    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

The quality of service in hospitality industry plays a vital role to become successful. The existing trend of business is fully competitive and in this situation service quality provides competitive advantage. The endeavor of this paper is to show the effectiveness of the service quality in hotel industry. This paper describes the most common factor on which a customer gets satisfied, which is generally measured by internal service quality or SERVQUAL MODEL. Customer satisfaction is an observable fact or a phenomenon which can not be measured in terms of quantity. Hospitality industry is highly competitive and service plays an essential role for gaining sustainable competitive advantage.

No of Download : 16    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

People are constantly forming perceptions. But we don’t have to leave the process to chance. Every day, we have opportunities to shape other’s perceptions. That is what brand building is about: the deliberate and skillful application of effort to create a desired perception in the mind of another person. People don’t drink a sweet tasting brown liquid but they drink Coca- Cola, with all the connotations surrounding that brand. The value of brands resides in the minds of those who use them. Brands may start life in planning documents but ultimately they rest in the minds and hearts of people. Brands are thus much more than just logos or names. They are the culminations of a user’s total experience with the product or service over many years. This study is an attempt to understand the concept of brand, its evolution, various aspects of brands. This study gives us an opportunity to learn the power of branding.

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No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

This paper discusses the character & nature of hero in Paradise Lost, a poem of panoramic grandeur. Interestingly & also beautifully Milton maintains continuation of theme with sketching of the characters. Characters in ‘Paradise Lost’ push themselves on with the theme. Their action, inaction, faults & flaw decide their position in the epic poem. The highest rung is to be occupied by the hero who excels others in Patience, Martyrdom, Dutifulness & above all Heroism. Milton invariably defines & redefines heroism via characters & this art enables him to absorb the readers in Paradise Lost.

No of Download : 3    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Asanas are the physical postures. The combination of asanas or postures exercise every part of the body, stretching and toning the muscles, joints and spine. This creates great suppleness and flexibility throughout the entire body while toning the internal organs, glands and nerves, thereby the respiratory, digestive, circulatory, endocrine and reproductive systems all benefit. Yoga works holistically keeping the whole body in radiant health. Central to the practice of yoga is the movement of prana (life force/vital energy) in the body. Through the practice of asanas in combination with the breath, energy blocks in the body are removed increasing the flow of prana taken in and stored in the body. The removal of energy blocks and increased flow of prana increases vitality and promotes increased health. This infuses into our day today lives giving an increased sense of well-being and relaxation in both body and mind, allowing life to flow with greater ease. Pranayama is the science of breath control. Breath is the essence of life which most of us take for granted. It is the first thing we do when we are born into the world and it is the last thing we do when we leave and every moment in between is connected by breath. As babies and young children the art of proper and effective breathing was intuitive but through the stresses of modern life our bodies and mind are continually burdened with anxiety and tension and we have lost touch with what we instinctively knew at birth.

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No of Download : 24    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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It is this need and importance of physical activities in the development of the total personality of a child that has led to the acceptance of physical education as an integral part of education. This view of treating physical education as an integral and indivisible part of education is the mordent concept or viewpoint of physical education. Physical education activities by promoting. Along the progress of man in his widening environment came the establishment of various institutions of society such as home, school, religious places and government etc. With the assumed, different roles and outlook.

No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Despite huge stocks of food grains and age old system of public distribution, hunger and malnutrition still persist in various parts of India. The difference across states has also complicated matters further to the detriment of the poor. At this very outset, India is facing the problem of food insecurity for quite some long period of time. Food security is one of the basic criteria for the formation and improvement of human capital and also productivity of human being. In precise term, food security is supposed to exist when all people , at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient ,safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. The most important medium through which government ensures food security at micro level is the Public Distribution System (PDS). But, in India, the working of public distribution system and other government policies have not been successful in achieving food security at the desired level. In this backdrop, this paper tries to analyse the food security condition of the country during the last few decades and the working of PDS with some macro measures. More specifically, this paper tries to identify food insecure population of the country, analyse the availability, storage, procurement of food grain , assess the effectiveness of PDS, identify the discrepancies in the system, find ways to remove the anomalies and to make the delivery mechanism more effective.

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No of Download : 4    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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The strategy making process begins as industry and company analyses are brought into the corporate planning process. In this most important part of the management processes, corporate missions, assets, and competencies are reviewed, and businesses and market strengths and weaknesses are assessed. From these evaluations, companies prepare to internationalize their operations or, if they are seasoned campaigners, to integrate their activities globally. These processes ensure that firms have the appropriate organizations and managerial talent to cope with the rigors of extending businesses over increasing numbers of markets, and to ensure that personnel, corporate processes, and organizational structures are matched to industry, business, and market needs. Once internal analyses are complete, firms review and evaluate their choices of market entry and servicing strategies.

No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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संस्कृत-साहित्य मंे शब्दार्थ का विवेचन विस्तार के साथ किया गया है। व्याकरण, न्याय और मीमांसा, शब्दार्थ विवेचन करने वाले प्रमुख शास्त्र हैं।व्याकरण-शास्त्र मंे पद-पदार्थों का विवेचन है, इसलिए इसे पदशास्त्र कहा गया है। न्याय शास्त्र मंे विशेष रूप से वाक्यार्थ शैली का विवेचन है, इसलिए मीमांसा को वाक्य शास्त्र कहा जाता है। शाब्दबोध प्रक्रिया मंे इन तीनों शास्त्रों के मर्मज्ञों को पद-वाक्य-प्रमाणज्ञ उपाधि से विभूषित किया गया है।

No of Download : 12    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Communication plays a vital role in our lives, it is impossible to think life without it. So, it is very important for us to understand the technology behind it which has made our lives so simple and fast. This paper is about the different types of modulation schemes like AM, FM, PM, PAM, PWM, PPM, PCM etc used in the communication system and their importance.

No of Download : 49    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

मनुष्य अपनी उत्पतित काल से ही प्रकृति प्रदत्त उपहारों का उपयोग अपनी आवष्यकतानुसार करता रहा है, किन्तु धीर - धीरे मानवीय आवष्यकताओं एवं जनसंख्या वृद्धि ने प्रकृति एंव मनुष्य के मध्य अन्र्तसंबंधों में असंतुलन पैदा हो गया है, इस असंतुलन के मुख्य कारण मनुष्य का प्रकृति की ओर अमानवीय व्यवहार एंव सोच है। आज वर्तमान समस्याओं जैसे - जल स्त्रोत का âास, जनसंख्या वृद्धि, मौसम की अनिषिचतता, भूमण्डलीय ताप की समस्या भूमि का áस ,खाधान्न की कमी आदि। उपराक्त समस्याओं का मुख्य कारण मनुष्य द्वारा बनाइ विकास की विष्व प्रतिस्पर्धा नगरीकरण औधोगिकरण जैसे कार्य हैं। जनसंख्या वृद्धि विष्व स्तर पर अति गंभीर समस्या बन गयी है।

No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

The Delhi has been a great and renowned city of the world and its name sums up the pomp and power of the past days. Delhi had been a center of political, cultural metropolis of the Asia since medieval time. It had also witnessed the rise and fall of several empires and rulers. The Sultan Iltumish (1210-36) was first ruler who made Delhi as a capital, afterwards many rulers ruled in Delhi and they also involving in planning of the city. However, Shahjahan was the first Mughal ruler of Delhi who propering planned Delhi city. Mughal ruler Shahajahan founded the Shajahanbad in 1631 A.D. which was located on the west bank of Yamuna River. It was the first

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No of Download : 14    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

There are different types of investment alternatives available in the market for the customers, each having their own risk and return. Investment is the sacrifice of current money in the expectation of a higher amount in future. It is the sacrifice of hard earned money and it requires a large amount of funds and the decision is irreversible. Therefore any Investment should be done with proper planning and evaluation. Also Investment decisions are affected by the demographic conditions of the customers as well as the tax benefit associated with various investment options. This Paper explains various tools and techniques which can be used for Investment Analysis. Various investment options like equity, bonds, fixed deposits, mutual funds and real estate have been taken into study.

No of Download : 6    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

360-Degree feedback is an appraisal that incorporates feedback from all who observe and are affected by the performance of a candidate. 360-degree feedback will include direct feedback from an employee’s subordinates, peers, and supervisors, as well as a self-evaluation. ‘It can also include, in some cases, feedback from external sources, such as customers and suppliers or other interested stakeholders. It has both advantages and disadvantages. The benefits of implementing such a programme can only be realised if it is utilised in the correct organizational climate with the appropriate expectations for success.

No of Download : 5    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
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Anxiety is a complex emotional state characterized by general fear or foreboding usually accompanied by tension which arises from faulty adaptations to the stresses and strains of life and caused by over-reaction in an attempt to meet these difficulties. There is a dearth of research exploring the factors that impact the development and performance of sports officials, however; few consider psychological factors are of more importance to examine the behavior of sports officials during competition. In particular, stress has been on the importance of understanding sport officiating behavior with reference to ANXIETY. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the level of anxiety among Umpires/Referees of team games and individual games. The present investigation was conducted on a total of 60 Umpires/Referees belonging to team games and individual games (30 from each continuum respectively) who have been officiating at National level from past 5 years and also at International level. For the purpose of the study, the modified “Test Anxiety Questionnaire”, originally developed by Nist and Diehl (1990), was employed to evaluate

No of Download : 1    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

IRDP launched on October 2nd. 1980 all over the Country and accordingly all the 15 Blocks of Boudh- Kandhamal district have been covered under the Scheme. Since then, prior the above period, IRDP was in operation in 8 blocks of the district since 1978-79. The I.R.D.P. continues to be a major poverty alleviation programme in the field of Rural Development. The objective of I.R.D.P. is to enable identified rural poor families to cross the poverty line by providing productive assets and inputs to the target groups. The assets which could be in primary, secondary or tertiary sector are provided through financial assistance in the form of subsidy by the Govt. and term credit advanced by financial institutions. The programme is implemented in all the blocks in the country as a centrally sponsored scheme funded on 50:50 basis by the Centre and State. The Scheme is merged with another scheme named S.G.S.Y. since 01.04.1999.

No of Download : 0    Submit Your Rating     Cite This          
Abstract

Today, “CUSTOMERS” are very significant factors in companies management with the power to change their short-term and long-term polices and strategies. Therefore enough knowledge of environment, expectations of customers and their desires are very important to find the best explanation for facing un-expected behaviors of customers and then behave in such a way to change the mind of customers in the direction of companies’ profit. It’s an art to absorb customers by using different techniques such as CRM in order to maneuver companies’ policies ahead of them.

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Introduction The various forms of discrimination relating to occupational gender segregation are more subtle as well as more delicate to address with specific actions. According to the ILO, women represent 40.4 percent of the worldwide workforce. However, that proportion is not reflected when investigating occupational groups within the various sectors: 46.3 percent of employed women work in the services sector, 35.4 percent in the agricultural sector and only 18.3 percent in the industrial sector (compared to 26.6 percent of employed men) (ILO, 2009). The specific sectors in which women employees are the vast majority – secretaries, teachers and nurses – also are poorly paid work areas. And even within these jobs they are paid less than their male colleagues (IWPR, 2009). This fundamental under-evaluation of women's work results basically from two facts. Firstly, women's primary responsibility for unpaid care work such as children, education and basic family services seems to channel them into similar working areas in the labour market (UNIFEM, 2005). Some researchers refer to differences in occupations between women and men as the selection effect (Petersen and Snartland, 2004).